Rome, the capital city of Italy, has some deeply rooted history of political upheavals and cultural amalgamations. A lot in European culture today finds its roots in Roman history.
Rome has an unmatched dispensation of archaeological and artistic treasures. Museums of the city have so much to offer to its visitors. It's a mighty task to make a selection from so many.
1. Vatican Museums
These 500+ years old museums should definitely be in your not-to-be-missed list. Amongst the largest museums in the world, these will astound you with the artworks by some of the most prominent artists of all time.
Ceiling of Sistine Chapel here - the official residence of the Pope - decorated by Michelangelo's "The Last Judgment" is one of the most well-known pieces of artwork in the world.
2. Galleria Borghese
Galleria Borghese has the second largest collection of artifacts in Rome after the Vatican Museums and is sprawled over 20 rooms across 2 floors.
Bernini’s “Apollo and Daphne” and Caravaggio's “David with the Head of Goliath” are two of the examples of the kind of collection this museum has to offer.
3. National Roman Museum
This is a group of 4 separate museums: Thermal Baths Of Diocleziano, housing the largest bath complex of ancient Rome.
Crypta Balbi, housing the objects of Rome's history that were found through excavations. Palazzo Massimo, housing an amazing archeological collection and Palazzo Altemps, housing an important collection of Greek and Roman sculptures.
All 4 museums are located at different places across Rome but can be visited on a single ticket.
4. Capitoline Museums
The Capitoline Museums were founded in 1471 and are considered to be the oldest national museums of the world. These are a group of two museums located on Capitol hill, facing each other.
Sculpture of She Wolf — the symbol of Rome — is amongst the museums' major highlights
5. MAXXI Museum
MAXXI Museum is dedicated to showcasing contemporary art and architecture of the 21st century and is the Italy's first national institute for contemporary artwork. The unconventional nature of its collection is known to cast a spellbinding effect on its visitors.
6. The Ara Pacis Museum
The Ara Pacis, an elaborately designed sacrificial altar, is an alluring combination of the ancient and the modern architecture - with centuries old altar and newly designed enclosure.
This was originally built by the Roman emperor Augustus during 9 BC and has recently been relocated to its current location, next to the beautiful river Tiber.
7. National Museum of Castel Sant’Angelo
"The Castle of Holy Angel" is important because of the building's historical significance. The thousands of year old castle was actually built as a mausoleum by Roman emperor Hadrian and was later used as a fortress by the Popes.
Apart from the amazing collection of artifacts, the view of the surroundings from the main courtyard is something to be appreciated.
8. National Gallery of Modern Art
This museum has the largest collection of Italian modern art from the 19th and 20th century. The endless collection of artworks spans across its whopping 55 rooms!