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Interesting Things About Istanbul You Need To Know

Chaitrali Datar Jul 28, 2020
Formerly called as 'Byzantium' and 'Constantinople', Istanbul is the most important city of Turkey.
It is the country's cultural, economic and political center and the fastest growing  metropolis.
Interesting Trivia About Istanbul
The City
  • Istanbul is a brimming metropolis with a magnificent blend of modern and architectural heritage.
  • It is a perfect merger of Eastern and Western cultures.
History
  • In 660 BC,¬† the city was called Byzantium, a name given by the Megarian colonists.
  • In 330 AD Constantine made the city the capital of the Roman empire and named it Constantinople.
  • The empire was taken over by the Ottoman Turks which they ruled till the 20th century.
  • In the early 20th century, Istanbul was taken over by the British, French and Italy.
The Last Ottoman Emperor, Mehmed 6 was exiled by the British in 1922 and a new Republic was formed. From the 1940's Turkey, Istanbul has Presidential Republic.
Today Istanbul stands as a Global City and contributes to more than a quarter of Turkey's GDP (Gross Domestic Product).
Geography
  • The location of Istanbul is the most interesting.
  • It is located on the Bosphorus Strait and covers the area of Golden Horn, an urban waterway in Istanbul.
The Bosporus connects the Sea of Marmara to the Black Sea and divides the City into a European side and an Asian side.
Yes, so you see Istanbul is the first transcontinental city in the world to be located on two continents i.e. Europe and Asia!
Istanbul also holds a very strategic position between the Black Sea and the Mediterranean sea and is responsible for the trade routes between the East and the West.
Multi religious  Culture
  • Istanbul ruled over the Roman, Ottoman, and Byzantine empires.
  • So it is an interesting merger of Christian, Jewish and Muslim religions.
You will find churches, mosques, and synagogues all over the city, sometimes standing side by side.
People
  • Istanbul is the most populated city of Turkey.
  • It has a population of more than 13 million people.
  • It is also the second largest city in the world by population.
Most of the people belong to the Muslim and Jewish communities in Istanbul.
Miscellaneous Facts about Istanbul
  • Tulips are a well-known symbol of the Netherlands.
  • However they first originated in Turkey.
To celebrate its flower, Istanbul holds a Tulip festival every year in April/May.
  • Istanbul has the 3rd oldest subway in the world built in 1875.
  • It is 573 meters long.
Oldest Subway
Istanbul is home to the world's oldest sports club, Besiktas JK which was established in 1903.
The Grand Bazaar of Istanbul is one of the oldest and largest markets in the world.
A Famous Turkish Lamp
It has 60 streets, 5000 shops and attracts around 4 lakh visitors daily!
Istanbul is home to the highest number of mosques in the world. The total number exceeds 3000.
The most famous is the Blue Mosque built during the Ottoman Empire. It attracts the highest number of visitors every year.
Istanbul is very famous for sea-food and has numerous restaurants all over the city.
The Orient Express Train traveled between Paris and Constantinople (present day Istanbul) from 1883 to 1977.
Does the name of the train sound familiar?
Author Agatha Christie's famous novel "Murder on the Orient Express", was written at the Pera Palace Hotel in Istanbul!
Tea is the most popular drink in Istanbul.
Istanbul is the fastest growing and a sought-after tourism destination in the world after New York and Amsterdam.
Best time to visit Istanbul is
March to May and between September to November.